World’s Top 10 Cities

From: www.origo.mn

Амьдрахад хамгийн таатай хотууд
2007 оны 08 сарын 29
————–
4. Перт (AUS)
6. Аделаида (AUS)
7. Сидней (AUS)

Их Британийн судлаачид амьдрахад хамгийн таатай хотуудын жагсаалтыг гаргасан байна. Нийт 132 хотыг судлахад Канадын Ванкувер хот амьдрахад хамгийн таатай газраар тодорчээ. Их Британид хэвлэгдэн гардаг “The Economist” сэтгүүлийнхэн дэлхийн хотуудын улс төр, нийгмийн байдал, агаар, амрах, худалдаа хийх нөхцөл зэрэг нийт 40 үзүүлэлтийг харгалзан үзсэний үндсэн дээр гаргажээ.

Мэдээжийн хэрэг гэмт хэрэг аль зэрэг их гардаг, алан хядах ажиллагаа зохион байгуулдаг эсэхийг харгалзан үзэж. Ингээд судалгааны эцэст Австрали болон Канадын хотууд нь амьдрахад хамгийн таатай гэсэн дүгнэлт гаргасан байна.

Жагсаалтын эхний аравт Нью-Йорк, Токио, Лондон, Хонконг, Парис зэрэг хот ороогүй гэнэ. Эдгээр газруудын зам нь маш их бөглөрдөг, алан хядах ажиллагааг зохион байгуулдаг зэрэг нь нөлөөлсөн бололтой.

Өнгөрсөн дөрөвдүгээр сард “Mercer Human Resource” агентлаг дэлхийн 215 хотод судалгаа хийгээд амьдрахад хамгийн таатай нь Швейцарийн Цюрих гэсэн дүгнэлтэд хүрсэн билээ. Уг жагсаалтад Канадын Ванкувер хот гуравдугаарт орсон байна.

Ингээд “The Economist” сэтгүүлээс гаргасан амьдрахад хамгийн таатай 10 хотыг сонирхуулъя.

1. Ванкувер (CAN)
2. Мельбурн (AUS)
3. Вена (AT)
4. Перт (AUS)
5. Торонто (CAN)
6. Аделаида (AUS)
7. Сидней (AUS)
8. Копенгаген (DK)
9. Женев (SWI)
10.Цюрих (SWI)

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Melbourne

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Melbourne
Victoria

Central Melbourne’s core business district
Population: 3,806,092 [1] (2nd)
Density: 430/km² (1113.7/sq mi)
Established: 30 August 1835
Area: 8831 km² (3409.7sq mi)
Time zone:• Summer (DST) AEST (UTC+10)AEDT (UTC+11)
Location:
LGA: various (31)
County: Bourke
State District: various (54)
Federal Division: various (23)
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Rainfall
19.8 °C
68 °F
10.2 °C
50 °F
646.9 mm
25.5 in

Melbourne (pronounced /ˈmelbən/) is the second most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 3.8 million (2007 estimate).[1]

Located around Port Phillip Bay in Australia’s south-east, Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria. A person from Melbourne is called a Melburnian.[2]

Melbourne is a major centre of commerce, industry and cultural activity. The city is often referred to as Australia’s ‘sporting and cultural capital’[3] and it is home to many of the nation’s most significant cultural and sporting events and institutions. It has been recognised as a gamma world city by the Loughborough University group’s 1999 inventory.[4] Melbourne is notable for its mix of Victorian and contemporary architecture, its extensive tram network and Victorian parks and gardens, as well as its diverse, multicultural society. It was the host city of the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games.

Melbourne was founded by free settlers in 1835, 47 years after the first European settlement of Australia, as a pastoral settlement situated around the Yarra River.[5] Transformed rapidly into a major metropolis by the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s, ‘Marvellous Melbourne’ became Australia’s largest and most important city by 1865,[6] but was overtaken by Sydney as the largest city in Australia during the early 20th century.[7]

Melbourne served as the federal seat of government from the time of the new nation’s federation in 1901, until Federal Parliament moved to the purpose-built capital, Canberra, in 1927.[8]

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Perth, Western Australia

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Perth
Western Australia

The Perth skyline viewed from the Swan River
Population: 1,554,769 (June 2007)[1] (4th)
Density: 280/km² (725.2/sq mi)
Established: 1829
Area: 5386 km² (2079.5sq mi)
Time zone:• Summer (DST) +8 (UTC)+9 (UTC)
Location:
State District: Perth (and 33 others)
Federal Division: Perth (and 10 others)
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Rainfall
23.3 °C
74 °F
13.3 °C
56 °F
869.4 mm
34.2 in
Location of Perth within Australia

Location of Perth within Australia

Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia, and the fourth-largest city in Australia, with a population of 1,554,769 (2007 estimate).[1] One of its LGAs, the City of Perth, is currently the fastest growing area in Australia in percentage terms (10% per year). [2]

Perth was founded on 11 June 1829 by Captain James Stirling as the political centre of the free settler Swan River Colony. It has continued to serve as the seat of Government for Western Australia to the present day.

The metropolitan area is located in the south west of the continent between the Indian Ocean and a low coastal escarpment known as the Darling Range. The central business district and suburbs of Perth are situated on the Swan River.

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Adelaide

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Adelaide
South Australia

Looking south at the Adelaide skyline
Population: 1,146,119 (2006)[1] (5th)
Density: 615/km² (1592.8/sq mi)
Established: 28 December 1836
Area: 1826.9 km² (705.4sq mi)
Time zone:• Summer (DST) ACST (UTC+9:30)ACDT (UTC+10:30)
Location:
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Rainfall
22.1 °C
72 °F
12.1 °C
54 °F
600.5 mm
23.6 in
Location of Adelaide within Australia

Location of Adelaide within Australia

Adelaide is the fifth most populous city in Australia, with a population of over 1.1 million in 2006,[2] and is the capital and most populous city of the state of South Australia. It is a coastal city situated on the eastern side of Gulf St. Vincent on the Adelaide Plains, north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, and west of the Mount Lofty Ranges, which rise to around 700 metres (2,300 ft).

Prior to British settlement, the area now known as the Adelaide plains was home to the Kaurna Aboriginal peoples. Named in honour of Queen Adelaide, the consort of King William IV, the city was founded in 1836 as the planned capital for the only freely-settled British province in Australia. Colonel William Light, one of Adelaide’s founding fathers, is said to have designed the city and to have chosen its location close to the River Torrens. Inspired by William Penn, Light’s design set out Adelaide in a grid layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares, and entirely surrounded by parkland.

Early Adelaide was shaped by religious freedom, hence its moniker “The City of Churches,”. Today Adelaide is known for its many festivals as well as for its wine, arts and sports. As South Australia’s seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of these are concentrated in the city centre along the cultural boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street and in various districts of the metropolitan area.

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Sydney

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Sydney
New South Wales

The Sydney Opera House and Sydney CBD on Port Jackson
Population: 4,284,379 [1] (1st)
Density: 345.7/km² (895.4/sq mi)
Established: 26 January 1788
Coordinates: 33°51′35.9″S 151°12′40″E / -33.859972, 151.21111Coordinates: 33°51′35.9″S 151°12′40″E / -33.859972, 151.21111
Area: 12144.6 km² (4689.1sq mi)
Time zone:• Summer (DST) AEST (UTC+10)AEDT (UTC+11)
Location:
LGA: various (38)
County: Cumberland
State District: various (49)
Federal Division: various (22)
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Rainfall
21.6 °C
71 °F
13.7 °C
57 °F
1,214.8 mm
47.8 in
Location of Sydney within Australia

Location of Sydney within Australia

Sydney (pronounced /ˈsɪdniː/) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 4.28 million (2006 estimate).[1] It is the state capital of New South Wales, and the site of the first European colony in Australia, established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip, leader of the First Fleet from Britain.[2] A resident of the city is referred to as a Sydneysider.

Sydney is located on Australia’s south-east coast. The city is built around Port Jackson, which includes Sydney Harbour, leading to the city’s nickname, “the Harbour City”. It is noted for the Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge, and its beaches. The metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks, and contains many bays, rivers and inlets. It is listed as a beta world city by the Loughborough University group’s 1999 inventory.[3] The city has hosted international sporting, political and cultural events, including the 1938 British Empire Games, 2000 Summer Olympics and the 2003 Rugby World Cup. In September 2007, the city hosted the leaders of the 21 APEC economies for APEC Australia 2007, and in July 2008 will host World Youth Day 2008. The main airport serving Sydney is Kingsford Smith International Airport.

Sydney is one of the most multicultural cities in the world which reflects its role as a major destination for immigrants to Australia.[4] According to the Mercer cost of living survey, Sydney is Australia’s most expensive city, and the 21st most expensive in the world.[5]

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